sanction


sanction
sanction sanc‧tion [ˈsæŋkʆn] noun
1. sanctions [plural] ECONOMICS official orders or laws stopping trade, communication etc with another country as a way of forcing political changes:
sanctions against

• The US imposed tough trade sanctions against Cuba.

• The UN security council unanimously refused to lift economic sanctions .

2. [countable] LAW a punishment for disobeying a rule or law:

• The most severe sanction the panel could recommend is expulsion from the Senate.

3. [countable] official permission or approval:

• The proposals are subject to the official sanction of the Council.

— sanction verb [transitive] :

• Shareholders must sanction donations to political parties before they are made.

* * *

Ⅰ.
sanction UK US /ˈsæŋkʃən/ noun
[C, usually plural] POLITICS an official order to stop or limit trade or communication with a country in order to make it obey international law: sanctions on sth »

This averted the threat of American sanctions on Japanese car exports.

impose sanctions against/on sb »

The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on the country to curb its nuclear program.

»

economic/financial/trade sanctions

»

drop/ease/lift sanctions

»

apply/enforce sanctions

»

international sanctions

[C] LAW a punishment given when someone does not obey a rule or a law: »

criminal/legal sanctions

»

The State Department needs to determine how it will apply sanctions.

»

He could face sanctions if a judge concludes he violated the terms of his probation.

[U] LAW formal or legal approval or permission: sanction for sth »

Agricultural companies in the area cannot get official sanction for logging.

Ⅱ.
sanction UK US /ˈsæŋkʃən/ verb [T]
to formally give permission for something: sanction a bid/deal »

The directors would only sanction an €18 million bid.

»

The government has sanctioned 20% income tax relief .

LAW to punish someone for not obeying a law or rule: sanction sb for (doing) sth »

The state is threatening to sanction employers for hiring illegal workers.


Financial and business terms. 2012.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sanction — [ sɑ̃ksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XVIIIe; « précepte » XIVe; lat. sanctio, de sancire « prescrire » I ♦ 1 ♦ Hist., dr. Acte par lequel le souverain, le chef du pouvoir exécutif revêt une mesure législative de l approbation qui la rend exécutoire. Pragmatique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sanction — sanc·tion 1 / saŋk shən/ n 1: a punitive or coercive measure or action that results from failure to comply with a law, rule, or order a sanction for contempt 2: explicit or official approval 3: an economic or military coercive measure adopted usu …   Law dictionary

  • Sanction — • Sanction signifies the authoritative act whereby the legislator gives a law value and binding force for its subjects Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sanction     Sanction      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sanction — Sanc tion, n. [L. sanctio, from sancire, sanctum to render sacred or inviolable, to fix unalterably: cf. F. sanction. See {Saint}.] 1. Solemn or ceremonious ratification; an official act of a superior by which he ratifies and gives validity to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanction — [n1] authorization acquiescence, allowance, approbation, approval, assent, authority, backing, confirmation, consent, countenance, encouragement, endorsement, fiat, go ahead*, green light*, leave, nod, okay*, permission, permit, ratification,… …   New thesaurus

  • Sanction — Sanc tion, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sanctioned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Sanctioning}.] To give sanction to; to ratify; to confirm; to approve. [1913 Webster] Would have counseled, or even sanctioned, such perilous experiments. De Quincey. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sanction — sanction, social sanction Any means by which conformity to socially approved standards is enforced. Sanctions can be positive (rewarding behaviour that conforms to wider expectations) or negative (punishing the various forms of deviance); and… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • sanction — ► NOUN 1) a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule. 2) (sanctions) measures taken by a state to coerce another to conform to an international agreement or norms of conduct. 3) official permission or approval. ► VERB 1) give official… …   English terms dictionary

  • sanction — [saŋk′shən] n. [< Fr or L: Fr < L sanctio < sanctus: see SAINT] 1. the act of a recognized authority confirming or ratifying an action; authorized approval or permission 2. support; encouragement; approval 3. something that gives binding …   English World dictionary

  • Sanction — (v. lat.), die feierliche Bestätigung eines Beschlusses, Gesetzes, Vertrags, wodurch dieselben für heilig u. unverletzlich erklärt werden. Oft heißt ein solcher Vertrag selbst S., wie z.B. die Pragmatische S. (s.d.). Daher Sanctioniren, ein… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon